Web development has historically disgusted me. So many frameworks, so much cruft spread across various W3C standards, so much to know about, and an unappealing problem space. That, combined with cultural elements of corporate minimalism, the rise of Elektron-based webapps, and the infamous "move fast, break things" approach have kept me mostly in the realm of desktop and embedded software. Which isn't to say I've never made a website. In fact, some of the earliest software I've ever made were websites (the actual earliest are probably games, but the timeline is hazy and the definition can sometimes be blurry).
One of the projects that's been on my frontburner recently is incremental converse crowdfunding. This is one of the few projects I've worked on that practically requires a dynamic website. I considered implementing it with email, or ActivityPub, or a TUI that connects to a REST backend, but while none of those would require a web frontend, I think it would be a challenge to make them comfortable for a non-technical audience to use, and since I have to use web technologies anyway, might as well just make a regular website.
I've been putting off actually working on it, out of a fear of certificate authorities, nginx, DDOS attacks, authentication (especially password storage), and handling money, just to name the big ones. But a friend recently made a website where he plans to sell software directly to his customers (rather than through Gumroad, which is what he currently uses). Software politics aside, it was interesting to me that he was doing this because it seemed pretty slick, and he seemed to lack the fear that I had with my own website. I assumed this was based on the fact that he was using a bunch of existing services and frameworks, and the part of his stack that caught my attention was Supabase. I eventually realized that it didn't actually solve most of the more prominent issues I was worried about, but at the time, the particular features of Supabase that seemed appealing to me were that it handled authentication, had a free tier, and was self-hostable.
Without a cloud service like Supabase, my options are pretty limited. Either I can roll my own authentication (almost certainly a bad idea, if years of pwns are any indicator), or I can hook into an existing website's authentication, through something like OAuth. One such standard that came up in my research was IndieAuth, which, as I understand it, runs on top of OAuth to log people into sites using their logins from, for example, their social media accounts. This is an improvement from OpenID Connect, which requires each website to explicitly allow logins from each provider it chooses to support. Twitter used to support it, but after the API closures, it no longer works. There are some smaller tools listed on the IndieAuth website, including a plugin for WordPress, but the biggest IndieAuth provider is probably GitHub. I think moving forward, Fediverse projects will probably start to support it, but right now, support for IndieAuth is pretty sparse. That being said, it seems to be my best option at the moment.
to be continued